Board Meetings



  1. Frequency of Meeting:
  • First Meeting: Every company shall hold the first meeting of the Board of Directors within 30 days of the date of its incorporation
  •  Subsequent Meetings: One person Company, Small Company and Dormant Company:
    • At least one meeting of Board of directors in each half of calendar year
    • Minimum Gap between two meetings at least 90 days.
  • Other than One person Company, Small Company and Dormant Company:
    • Minimum No. of 4 meetings of Board of Director in a calendar year
    • Maximum Gap between two meetings should not be more the 120 days.

2. Calling of Meeting:

Meeting of Board of Director should be called by giving 7 days notice to Directors at his registered address through:

  • By post
  • By Electronic means
  • By hand delivery

Meeting at shorter Notice: Board of Directors meeting can be called by shorter notice subject to the conditions:

 If the company requires having independent director:

  • Presence of at least one Independent director is required.
  • In case of absence of independent director, decision taken at such meeting shall be circulated to all the directors, and
  • shall be final only on ratification thereof by at least one Independent Director.

 If the company doesn’t require having independent director:

  • The meeting can be called at a shorter notice without any conditions to be complied with.
  1. Quorum of Board Meeting:
  • 1/3 rd of total strength OR two Directors, whichever is higher.
  • Where meeting of Board could not be held for want of quorum, the meeting shall automatically adjourn to same time, same place at next week (Not being national holiday).
  • If number of directors reduced below quorum, then the remaining directors may hold the meeting for the following purposes:
  • To call a General meeting
  • Increase the number of directors.
  • Quorum in case of Interested Directors:
  • If interested director exceed or equal to 2/3 of total strength the remaining directors not being less than 2 (two) shall be the quorum.


  • Total strength shall not include directors whose places are vacant.
  • Interested director means, a director interested in accordance with section 184(2).
  • Director participating in a meeting through video conferencing or other audio visual means shall be counted for the purpose of quorum, unless he is to be excluded for any items of business under any provisions of the Act or the rules.
  • Having One Director: Provision of Section 173 and 174 shall not apply to an One Person C having one director.
  1. Participation of Directors in Board Meetings: directors may, apart from attending the meeting physically, participates in the meeting by way of video conferencing & other audio visual means.
  • The following matter which can’t be dealt at a meeting held though Video conferencing:
  • Approval of the prospectus;
  • Approval of the annual financial statements;
  • Audit Committee Meetings for consideration of accounts; and
  • Approval of the matter relating to amalgamation, merger, demerger, acquisition and takeover.
  • Approval of the Board’s report;
  1. Procedure for conducting of meeting through Video Conferencing:
  • The notice of the meeting shall, inform regarding the option available to participate through video conferencing mode and provide all the   necessary information to enable the directors to participate through video conferencing.
  • A director intending to participate through video conferencing or audio visual means shall communicate prior intimation sufficiently in advance to the Chairperson or the company secretary of the company, so that company is able to make suitable arrangements in this behalf.
  • Alternatively a director may intimate at the beginning of the calendar year his desire, to participate through the electronic mode, which shall be valid for that calendar year.

Duties of Company: to make necessary arrangements to avoid failure of video or audio visual Connection.

  1. Chairman & Company Secretary:
  1. To safeguard the integrity of the meeting by ensuring sufficient security and Identification procedures;
  2. To ensure availability of proper equipment or facilities for providing transmission of the communications for effective participation at the Board meeting;

Requirement during the Meeting:

  • Chairperson or Company Secretary shall, inform the Board about persons other than the directors who are present for the said meeting with the request of the chair and confirm the presence of quorum.
  • The Chairperson shall take a roll call where every director participating through video conferencing shall state Name, Location, confirmation of receipt of agenda and non-presence of any person other than the concerned director.
  • Every participant shall identify himself for the record before speaking on any item of business on the agenda.
  • If a motion is objected to and there is a need to put it to vote, the Chairperson shall call the roll and note the vote of each director.
  • At the end of discussion on each agenda item, the Chairperson of the meeting shall announce the summary of the decision taken on such item along with names of the directors, if any, who dissented from the decision taken by majority.
  • Placing & Signing of Statutory Registers: The statutory registers which are required to be placed in the meeting shall be placed at the scheduled venue and where registers are required to be signed by the directors, the same shall be deemed to have been signed by the directors participating through electronic mode, if they have given their consent to this effect and it is so recorded in the minutes of the meeting.

Post Meetings Requirements:

  • The minutes shall disclose the particulars of the directors who attended the meeting through video conferencing.
  • Circulation of Draft Minutes & Comments Thereon: The draft minutes shall be circulated among all the directors within 15 days of the meeting either in writing or in electronic means.
  • Every director who attended the meeting shall confirm or give his comments in writing, about the accuracy of recording of the proceedings of the meeting in the draft minutes, within 7 days or some reasonable time as decided by the Board. If no confirmation or comments received within the stipulated period, approval shall be presumed.
  • Duties of Company Secretary: To record proceedings and prepare the minutes of the meeting; To store for safekeeping and marking the tape recording(s) as part of the records of the company at least before the time of completion of audit of that particular year.


  1. Passing of Resolution by Circulation: A company may get approval on a resolution by Board of Director without conducting a board meeting; company can do it by passing of resolution by circulation.
  1. Persons who are differently abled may make request to the Board to allow a person to accompany him.
  2. If a statement of a director in the meeting through video conferencing or is interrupted, the Chairperson or Company Secretary shall request for a repeat or reiteration by the Director.
  1. Procedure of Passing of Resolution By Circulation:
  1. The company will circulate draft resolution along with necessary papers, if any to all the directors at their registered address through.
  • Post
  • Electronic Means
  • Hand Delivery

2. Resolution should be approved by majority of Directors, who are entitled to vote on the      resolution.

  • Every resolution passed by circulation must be noted in next board meeting and made    part of minutes of that meeting.
  • Resolution passed in Adjourned Meeting: Where a resolution is passed at an adjourned meeting of the Board of Directors of a company, the resolution shall, for all purposes, be treated as having been passed on the date on which it was in fact passed.

Note: If before passing of resolution request is made by 1/3 of total number of directors to decide such matter at meeting, the chairperson shall put the resolution to be decided at meeting of the Board.

  1. Power Exercisable By Board:
  • The Board of Directors of a company shall be entitled to exercise all such powers, and to do all such acts and things, as the company is authorised to exercise and do. In exercising such power or doing such act or thing, the Board shall be subject to the provisions of this Act, or the memorandum or articles, or regulations made by the company in general meeting:
  • Powers to be exercised only at the board meeting:

Under the Act:

  • Authorise buy-back of securities under section 68;
  • Make calls on shareholders in respect of money unpaid on their shares;
  • Issue securities, including debentures, whether in or outside India;
  • Invest the funds of the company;
  • grant loans or give guarantee or provide security in respect of loans;
  • Approve financial statement and the Board’s report;
  • Diversify the business of the company;
  • Approve amalgamation, merger or reconstruction;
  • Take over a company or acquire a controlling or substantial stake in another company;
  • Borrow monies;

Under the Rules:

  • Appoint or remove key managerial personnel (KMP);
  • Take note of appointment(s) or removal(s) of one level below the Key Management Personnel;
  • Make political contributions;
  • Appoint Internal auditors and secretarial auditor;
  • Buy, sell investments held by the company (other than trade investments), constituting five percent or more of the paid up share capital and free reserves of the investee company;
  • Review or change the terms and conditions of public deposit;
  • Approve quarterly, half yearly and annual financial statements or financial results as the case may be.
  • Invite or accept or renew public deposits and related matters;
  • Take note of the disclosure of director’s interest and shareholding;


  1. The power to invest, borrow and grant loan / guarantee / security can be exercised by a committee duly authorise by the board.
  2. The resolution in pursuance of powers of the board mentioned above shall be filed with the registrar in form MGT-14 within 30 days of passing such resolution.
  1. Composition of Committee:
  • At least three directors, out of which at least 1 (one) director shall be an Independent Director.
  • In Unlisted Public Company not required to have an Independent Director, the committee can be constituted without an Independent Director.
  • In Private Company, the committee can be constituted without an Independent Director. Further, in case of a Private Company having 2 (two) Directors, the committee can be constituted with only 2 (two) Directors.

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